Region: Jammu & Kashmir
Famous Musical Performances:
Rouf, Hafiz Nagma, Song Of
Habba Khatoon, Jagarna, Surma,
jammu and Kashmir Culturally
the people of Jammu and kashmir could scarcely be more
different from each other. The
ten million people are unevely
scattered. The valley of
kashmir has over half while
ladakh is the most scarcely
populated. Jammu was
traditionally the seat of
dogra power and serves a
largely Hindi population with
its affinities more with the
punjab than with the valley.
Kashmir marks the
northernmost advance of islam in
the himalaya. while Ladakh is
aptly named little tibet.
Ironically the Ladakhis are of
Tibetan stock. Indeed it was a
province of tibet and was governed
in secular matters by an
Independent prince and spiritual
affiars by Dalai Lama. Tibetan
Changpas form the bulk of pulation
in central and eastern ladakh.
These nomadic herdsman can be seen
living in black yak hair tents on
the mountains with their
yaks,goats and sheep. They still
provide the fine pashmina goat
wool. The mons,nomads of Aryan
stock introduced budhism and
established settlements in the
valleys. The Droks and dards from
Gilgit area settled along
the Indus valley and introduced
many converted to Islam 300
years ago. Most are cultivators
based on language speaking
Sanskrit. The Baltis with Central
Asian origin mostly lived in
Kargil region. The Zanskaris are
of the same stock as the Ladakhis
and because of the sheer isolation
of the homelands were able to
preserve the Buddhist culture
against the onslaughts of Islam.
The majority of Zanskaris are
Budhists,though there are Muslim
families at Padum,the capital
dating from the Dogra invasion.
Kasmir is influenced by the sanskrit and belongs to the dardic
branch of indo aryan languages.
Linguistically and physically
kashmiris are similar to the
tribes around Gilgit in pakistan.
The ladakhis physically reveal
Tibetan Mongalian and Indo aryan
origin while their language belong
to the tibetan burmese group.